This study compared the identification of Burkholderia pseudomallei with that of related organisms. Bench tests and latex agglutination were compared with molecular identification. Using bench tests and latex agglutination alone, 100% (30/30) of B. pseudomallei isolates were correctly identified. Amoxicillin-clavulanate susceptibility testing was also a good and simple discriminatory test. augmentin allergic reaction.
All 4 antibiotics significantly reduced SCAP survival in a concentration-dependent fashion. Interestingly, Ca(OH)(2) was conducive with SCAP survival at all concentrations. augmentin uses infections.
Acute lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) range from acute bronchitis and acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis to pneumonia. Approximately five million people die of acute respiratory tract infections annually. Among these, pneumonia represents the most frequent cause of mortality, hospitalization and medical consultation. Azithromycin is a new macrolide antibiotic, structurally modified from erythromycin and noted for its activity against some gram-negative organisms associated with respiratory tract infections, particularly Haemophilus influenzae (H. influenzae). augmentin safe during pregnancy.
Thirteen nosocomially significant, gentamicin- and methicillin-resistant (GRMR) Staphylococcus aureus isolates, all of phage group III/M (lysotype 42E/47/53/54/75/77/83A/84/85/94/96), were uniformly resistant against augmentin, erythromycin, fosfomycin, gentamicin, methicillin, oxacillin, penicillin G, tetracycline, and tobramycin, but differed in susceptibility to cefamandole, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, imipenem, josamycin, the synthetic chinolone Ro 23-6240, and ofloxacin. All isolates were susceptible to chloramphenicol, coumermycin, fusidic acid, novobiocin, rifampin, teicoplanin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole), and vancomycin. One isolate was of intermediate susceptibility to netilmicin. On a weight-for-weight basis, the 7 most active drugs were rifampin, coumermycin, cotrimoxazole, novobiocin, teicoplanin, fusidic acid, and vancomycin (in decreasing order) in terms of minimal inhibitory concentrations. With regard to minimal bactericidal concentrations, coumermycin, rifampin, vancomycin, teicoplanin, cotrimoxazole, ofloxacin, and ciprofloxacin (in decreasing order) were the 7 most potent antimicrobial drugs. Freshly defibrinated human blood [65% (v/v)] combined with chloramphenicol and rifampin, respectively, resulted in a weak additive effect (time kill curves). Indifferent effects were observed following combination of blood with ciprofloxacin, cotrimoxazole, coumermycin, fusidic acid, imipenem, netilmicin, novobiocin, ofloxacin, compound Ro 23-6240, teicoplanin, and vancomycin. Rifampin combined with novobiocin, teicoplanin, and vancomycin, respectively, in the presence of 65% (v/v) human blood, resulted in an additive effect. Combinations of rifampin with 9 other antimicrobial drugs in blood yielded essentially indifferent effects. augmentin or amoxicillin for sinus infections.